An analysis of the ontological argument in philosophy
The ontological argument is certainly interesting and has long intrigued thinkers, yet as a consistent argument proving its case, it falls flat 1 cited in plantinga, alvin “kant’s objection to the ontological argument” in the journal of philosophy vol lxiii, no 19 (american philosophical association, 1966), 537-9. Philsoc student essay prize, michaelmas term 2015 first prize: an analysis of the ontological argument of st anselm by ian corfield introduction st anselm (1033ce-1109ce) was a philosopher and theologian and held the office of. An ontological argument is a philosophical argument for the existence of god that uses ontology many arguments fall under the category of the ontological, and they tend to involve arguments about the state of being or existing. Ontological arguments a good discussion with extensive links to the history, classification, and classic objections to various versions of the ontological argument by graham oppy in the stanford encyclopedia of philosophy the ontological argument. The ontological argument has been attacked through history (most recently by richard dawkins in the god delusion) in this article tristan stone, head of religious studies and theology at harris westminster academy, defends the ontological argument and assesses its strengths.
Critiques of the ontological argument i the ontological argument (in this form and in anselm’s form) is one of the most criticized in the history of philosophy i essentially everyone feels like it is cheating in some way, but people disagree greatly on exactly what is going wrong. Explores the logic of anselm’s arguments for the existence of god, especially the ontological argument copleston, frederick a history of philosophy: medieval philosophy. Ontological arguments are arguments, for the conclusion that god exists, from premises which are supposed to derive from some source other than observation of the world—eg, from reason alone.
From the treatment of the ontological argument, it might seem that there can be little of positive worth for religious philosophy in the kantian analysis, but such a judgement would be to misunderstand kant’s purpose. Descartes' ontological (or a priori) argument is both one of the most fascinating and poorly understood aspects of his philosophyfascination with the argument stems from the effort to prove god's existence from simple but powerful premises existence is derived immediately from the clear and distinct idea of a supremely perfect being. Anselm gave in, accepted the inference, and produced one of the most famous, intriguing, challenging, and fascinating arguments in the history of philosophy, an argument that was later named the “ontological argument” (from the greek word ontos.
The ontological argument is particularly faulty ontological arguments are common in the history of philosophy the medieval philosopher st anselm gave a famous version of the ontological argument, and even plato puts an ontological argument in socrates' mouth in the phaedo. This analysis would render the ontological argument incoherent, as the characteristics required of a maximally great being cannot coexist in one being, thus such a being could not exist  other criticisms. Articles the ontological argument and the sin of hubris toni vogel carey’s answer to the most argued-over argument for the existence of god commuter conversation normally amounts to nothing much, or nothing at all.
Analysis 702 (2010): 210-212 the ontological argument simplified gareth b matthews and lynne rudder baker the ontological argument in anselm’s proslogion ii continues to generate a remarkable store of sophisticated commentary and criticism. In contrast, the ontological arguments are conceptual in roughly the following sense: just as the propositions constituting the concept of a bachelor imply that every bachelor is male, the propositions constituting the concept of god, according to the ontological argument, imply that god exists on this line of analysis, then, it follows. The rational analysis of the concepts, doctrines, and problematic issues found within religious belief systems the epistemological argument for atheism argues that: since no clear conceptualization of god is possible, no knowledge of god is possible.
An analysis of the ontological argument in philosophy
Philosophy ontological argument tutors and online course available now tutoring and online course for a level students, with both content and training in a grade writing skills more info praise for peped “i’m just so grateful without your site i would have crumbled this year. Descartes meditations – what are the main themes in meditations on first philosophy rene descartes was a french philosopher famous for the trademark argument and a version of the ontological argument. In a sense, ontology is one of the oldest forms of philosophy an ape climbs a tree hoping to find wild figs some would say that the ape’s behavior suggests the ontological question of whether there are any figs up there. Essay ontological argument revision the following is a plain text extract of the pdf sample above, taken from our philosophy of religion notesthis text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation.
- The father of ontological arguments is often considered to be anselm of canterbury who was a monk and abbot of bec in normandy, and archbishop of canterbury from 1093 to 1109 anselm when discussing topics with his pupils mainly focused on the nature and the existence of god.
- Ontology is the philosophical study of beingmore broadly, it studies concepts that directly relate to being, in particular becoming, existence, reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations traditionally listed as a part of the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics, ontology often deals with questions concerning what entities exist or may be said to exist.
Anselm's ontological argument anselm's ontological argument purports to be an a priori proof of god's existence anselm starts with premises that do not depend on experience for their justification and then proceeds by purely logical means to the conclusion that god exists. Descartes' meditations ontological argument descartes's fifth meditation argument for god's existence relies on an untenable notion that existence is a perfection and that it can be predicated of god. Philosophy 11: introduction to philosophy matthew silverstein — fall 2007 the ontological argument simple version in meditation 5, descartes’ argument for the existence of god looks something like this: 1 my idea of god is the idea of a supremely perfect being 2 existence is a perfection.